- 2-AG – A derivative of arachidonic acid that occurs naturally in the brain (as well as some foods) and acts as a messenger molecule, playing roles in appetite, depression, memory, and fertility; one of the two known endocannabinoids.
- Agricultural Hemp – Refers to varieties of the Cannabis Sativa L. plant that contains less than 0.3% THC in the dry weight material, and is grown for industrial purposes and legal for use in all 50 states and more than 40 countries.
- Anandamide – a derivative of arachidonic acid that occurs naturally in the brain (as well as some foods) and acts as a messenger molecule, playing roles in appetite, depression, memory, and fertility; one of the two known endocannabinoids.
- Bioavailability – The proportion of a drug that reaches circulation in the body and has an active effect.
- Cannabis – Cannabis is the generic term for products of the plant, Cannabis Sativa L.
- Cannabis Sativa L. – A species of plant in the Cannabis genus; refers to both agricultural hemp and marijuana, which are both sub species however different plants entirely.
- Cannabinoid – A chemical substance found in the cannabis plant; THC and CBD are the two most prevalent, but there are at least 113 known cannabinoids.
- CBD – Short for cannabidiol; a phytocannabinoid found in the cannabis; does not result in euphoria and has shown to have benefits on human and animal health.
- CBD Oil – An extract obtained from the flowering portions of the hemp plant, then dissolved in another oil (coconut, sesame, etc.). It typically contains no THC and has no psychoactive properties.
- CBD-A – Short for cannabidiolic-acid; an acidic cannabinoid, the naturally occurring raw form of CBD that is produced directly in the plant.
- CBC – Short for cannabichromene; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis that has little to no intoxicating effects.
- CBG – Short for cannabigerol; known as the “parent cannabinoid” and is the chemical precursor to THC and CBD.
- CBN – Short for cannabinol; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis; it is produced when THC is metabolized and has little to no intoxicating effects.
- CB1 – Cannabinoid receptor found primarily in the central nervous system (nerves in the brain and spinal cord).
- CB2 – Cannabinoid receptor found primarily in the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord).
- Chlorophyll – Refers to groups of green pigmented molecules found in plants and algae, that is important for plant photosynthesis.
- CO2 Extraction – Method used to extract CBD concentrates; CO2 gas is pressurized into a a safe liquid and used to extract oils from plants with the advantage of no solvent residue.
- Decarboxylation – Removing a carboxyl group from a chemical compound
- Distilled Oil – this is the ultimate step in refining an oil, where excess plant material is distilled in a solvent-free process
- Endocannabinoid – Naturally occurring cannabinoids in the human body.
- Endocannabinoid System – (ECS) Refers to endocannabinoids, the enzymes that regulate their production and degradation, and their receptors.
- Enriched (CBD-rich) – Preparations from cannabis plants that are higher in CBD than plants bred historically for recreation.
- Entourage Effect – Refers to the idea that biologically active compounds can have enhanced biological activity when administered in combination with otherwise inactive compounds as opposed to isolated active compounds administered alone.
- Full-Spectrum – Any hemp oil listed as “full-spectrum” means it contains, at maximum, 0.3% THC in addition to the CBD. Full-spectrum products take advantage of the entourage effect.
- Fatty Acid – Long hydrocarbon chain, with a carboxyl group (COOH) at the end; important part of the fat-soluble components of living cells (lipids).
- Hemp – A cannabis plant bred to have very low THC content and is primarily cultivated for its fibers. Hemp products range from oils to clothing.
- Hemp Oil/Hempseed Oil – An oil extracted from cannabis seeds by cold pressing. It contains only trace amounts of cannabinoids and terpenes, and is high in unsaturated fatty acids; used in paints and varnishes and in manufacturing soap and a wide variety of food products.
- Hemptourage Effect – Refers to the “entourage effect” of compounds present in hemp-derived CBD oil to optimize health and wellness.
- Homeostasis – Self-regulating process of any system in the body; your body automatically finding balance.
- Isolate – A highly concentrated, purified form of a cannabinoid. CBD is one of the most common isolates you’ll find.
- Marijuana – A dried mixture of cannabis leaves and flowers.
- Non-psychotoxic – Does not have a detrimental effect on the mind, personality or behavior; does not get you “high.”
- Phytocannabinoid – Plant-based cannabinoids found in species of cannabis.
- Plant Sterol – Cholesterol-like compounds are naturally occurring in plants and support the reduction of LDL-cholesterol (bad cholesterol), without significantly affecting HDL-cholesterol (good cholesterol).
- Raw Oil – A whole-plant CO2 extraction from agricultural hemp; Cannabidiolic Acid, or CBD-A, comprises a significant proportion of the extracted cannabinoids in the raw oil.
- Terpene – A large and diverse class of strong-smelling organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants and insects.
- THC – Short for tetrahydrocannabinol; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis shown to have some benefits on human and animal health, however, is responsible for intoxicating effects associated with marijuana use.
- Vitamin E – Also known as alpha-tocopherol, a fat-soluble vitamin important for normal cell growth and function; found in vegetable oils, egg yolk, etc.
- Whole Plant – Concept implying that products derived from the entire cannabis plant may be better than the individual cannabinoids isolated from it
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